What is a Cataract?
A cataract is diagnosed when there is a clouding or discoloration that takes place within the originally clear natural lens of the eye. This clouding progresses as you age until it begins to block out the passage of light through the lens, which results in a gradual loss of vision.
Cataracts are a natural part of the aging process. Our lenses are made out of protein and water, and are naturally susceptible to clouding. Studies show that almost every American over the age of 65 has begun to develop some cataract formation.
Most age-related cataracts progress gradually over time. In the early stages, you might not even be aware that you are developing a cataract. Eventually, as the years pass, the lens will become cloudy enough that it prevents light from passing through, causing blurred vision.
Common symptoms of a cataract include:
- Cloudy, blurry, or foggy vision.
- Changes in color perception
- Double vision or seeing multiple images
- Problems with night vision
- Seeing glare or halos around lights, especially at night
Once diagnosed with cataracts, there are several options that can help you manage your daily tasks. New prescription glasses, powerful magnifiers, appropriate lighting conditions and other aids can provide many people with adequate vision for quite a while. However, cataract surgery, the removal and replacement of the cloudy human lens, is the only way to restore your vision. Cataract surgery is one of the most common procedure performed in the world.
In traditional cataract surgery, the natural lens of your eye is removed and replaced with an artificial lens called a monofocal intraoluclar lens (IOL). These monofocal lenses are designed to give the patient clear vision at one specific focal point. While still common, monofocal lenses still require the patient to wear reading glasses for up close.
Thanks to recent technological advancements, there now exists ‘premium’ lens technology that is designed to provide focus at all distances. These premium multifocal lenses are engineered with specific ‘zones’ intended for near and far vision. They essentially address the cause of the presbyopia, the need for reading glasses. Multifocal lenses are ideal for patients who are experiencing the early signs of cataracts but wish to restore their vision before the cataract advances far enough where it is medically necessary.
Premium lenses are an exciting new technology that is pushing vision correction to new heights, but careful patient selection is necessary to determine who is a good candidate for what type of lens. Schedule a complimentary examination and consultation today to learn which option is right for you.
If you suspect that you or someone you know is suffering from cataracts, please contact our office for an evaluation. We’ll diagnose the cataract, and educate you on all the treatment options available that will have you seeing clearly once again.
Schedule a consultation at Boghossian Vision today!